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    American Colonial House styles comes in many verity, some with architectural details borrowed from classical profiles

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American Colonial House Styles

American Colonial House Styles

American Colonial House styles comes in many verity, some with architectural details borrowed from classical profiles and some with unique to the New World. Even if colonial house styles are brand new, its architecture draws inspiration from the past. Here’s an introduction to different American colonial house styles found throughout the United States. The mystery of these styles evolution is similar to timeline of American history—a colony dependent on the Mother Country turns into an industrial nation with a unique design language.

American Colonial House Styles

Colonial house style

American Colonial House Style

Colonial house style usually have two or three stories, fireplaces, and brick or wood facades. The classic Colonial house style floor plan has family room on first floor a Kitchen and the bedrooms on the second floor. Colonials are easy to add on to at the side or the back. American colonial architecture includes several building design styles associated with the colonial period of the United States, including First Period English, French Colonial, Spanish Colonial, Dutch Colonial, and Georgian.There are various types of Colonial House Styles in America. Let’s have a short descriptions about this;

 

1. New England House Styles

Colonial house Style

England Colonial House Style

Wood and rock were typical physical characteristics of New England. There is also enormous stone chimneys and diamond-pane windows found on many of these homes, Because of these structures were built with wood, only a few remain intact today. Usually houses has side-gabled (roof ends at the sides of the house), flat-faced, wooden structures, covered with narrow pine clapboards, although most of the earliest ones had shingles. Whenever possible, they were built facing south for winter warmth, steep roofs were designed to shed snow. Small, diamond-paned windows and heavy, vertically planked doors helped keep heat indoors.

2. German Colonial House Style

Colonial House Style

German Colonial House Style

Early Settlers first built a log house of chop square timbers as a temporary home until they were able to construct more substantial houses. They were structured with symmetrical elevation, thick stone walls, steeply pitched end gabled roof usually covered with wood shingles or clay tiles, an attic story with windows at the gable ends and shed dormers on the roof and a porch at the gable end of the house or at the front of the house. There will also a small casement window with battened shutters, which is later replaced by double–hung windows. If the same procedure is followed and built into a hill side, it is known as Bank House.

3. Spanish Colonial House Style

Colonial house style

Spanish Colonial House Style

American houses have generally reflected as strong bias towards English-inspired styles. They built rustic homes out of wood, adobe, crushed shells (coquina), or stone. Earth, thatch, or red clay tiles covered low, flat roofs. Spanish Colonial was the most decorative of the Spanish styles, and its ornament covered a wide range of source material, from Moorish to Renaissance and Byzantine. Spanish Colonial homes often featured twisted, spiral columns beside door and large window openings (without glass), with heavy, carved doors and decorative tile trim. However, the Spanish Colonial home was not all glitz and glamour, in simpler forms—to ordinary suburban buildings as well in every part of the nation.

4. Dutch Colonial House Style

Colonial House Style

Dutch Colonial House Style

Dutch colonial style houses were built of brick and stones with rooflines that echoed the architecture of the Netherlands. The earliest houses were a single room with twenty feet, built over a cellar and with a habitable half story beneath a steeply pitched roof. The ground floor room was used for all activities of daily living, with the upper room reserved for storage and servants. This basic unit would be repeated to form houses two or more rooms wide that opened directly to the outdoors, with no interior hallways. Only later houses included center or side halls. Clay was commonly used to form bricks and pan tiles along the Hudson River. Because glass was an imported and precious commodity, windows were small and few. Four to six H-frames were aligned and tied together with a plate and sill. Exterior walls were weatherboard or brick; in stone houses, the upper members of the H-frame sat directly on the wall.

5. Cape Cod House Style

Colonial House Style

Cape Cod House Style

Cape Cod houses are one-story structures designed to withstand the New World’s cold and snow. The houses are as humble, unadorned, and practical as their occupants. Centuries later, builders embraced the practical, economical Cape Cod shape for budget housing in suburbs across the United States. Cape Cod home is a colonial adaptation of a simple European post-and-beam home. First of all it has a simple hall and parlour layout. In the standard Cape Cod house the door is centered on the front of the house and opens into a hallway. Rooms are accessed from this central hall. Since the chimney is also centered the hallway is short and ends on the backside of the fireplace, with a hallway door leading past the chimney and into a long room running the length of the back of the house. Above the first floor there was either a loft or a half-story with gabled dormers. This was the typical layout in the colonial era.

6. Stone Ender House Style

Colonial House Style

Stone Ender House Style

The houses were build with large chimneys made of limestone which formed an entire wall of the house. Early settlers found an abundance of limestone throughout the colony, leading to its use in house construction. Stone-enders were usually two-story buildings with one room per floor. The floors were connected by steep stairs, which were often fit between the front entrance and the stone wall. Windows were often very small and were sealed with oil paper, although leaded glass was sometimes used. The stone-ender style has roots in western England, where similar houses were constructed.

 

7. Georgian Colonial House Style

colonial house style

Georgian Colonial House Style

The Georgian style is identified by its symmetrical composition and formal, classical details was the most prevented style in the England colonies throughout the 18th century. Typically, pattern books focused on the design details for windows, doors, fireplaces, and moulding elements, which were adopted or modified by the builder. The basic Georgian proportion was typically geometrical, with the main block of the building frequently augmented by hyphens and wings. The axial symmetry of this style will always be a safe design approach. However, this static configuration does not necessarily optimize the actual functioning of a home. The somewhat less symmetrical Federal style that followed was likely in response to this problem.

 



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